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اثرات اجرای برنامه های آموزش زیست محیطی بر طبیعتگردی (مورد مطالعه: دانش آموزان مدارس لنگرود)
|مجله برنامه ریزی و توسعه گردشگری|
|مقاله 8، دوره 2، شماره 7، زمستان 1392، صفحه 148-162 اصل مقاله (309 K)|
|نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی|
|سید محمد شبیری1؛ سیده زهرا شمسی پاپکیاده 1؛ هادی ابراهیمی2|
|1دانشگاه پیام نور|
|2دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی|
یکی از مهمترین مسایل آموزش محیطزیست آن است که چگونه به بهترین وجه و با یک برنامهی مؤثر تغییر رفتار را تسریع بخشید یا چگونه تعهد نسبت به طبیعت را افزایش داد. استفاده از برنامههای آموزشی زیستمحیطی خارج از کلاس درس و تأکید شدید روی درک حسی و یادگیری تعاملی در آموزش محیطی فضای آزاد، میتواند به یادگیری و فرآیند تغییر رفتار که یک جزء ضروری از آموزشهای زیستمحیطی به انسان است کمک نماید. این پژوهش تلاش دارد که تأثیر اجرای برنامههای آموزش زیستمحیطی را در رفتار و پیوند با طبیعت دانشآموزان شهر لنگرود استان گیلان بررسی نماید. براین اساس نمونهای به تعداد 100 نفر از دانشآموزان دختر و پسر به گروههای تحت آزمایش و کنترل شده، جداسازی شدند و با دادههای به دست آمده از آزمون t-test، نتایج این پژوهش چنین نشان میدهد که آموزش در فضای آزاد تأثیر بهسزایی در تغییر رفتار محیطی دانشآموزان ایجاد خواهد نمود. این تغییر در بین دختران بیشتر محسوس است. بنابراین تأکید بر شیوهی صحیح اجرای آموزش زیستمحیطی سبب ایجاد تحول در تعهد به طبیعت و پیوند با آن خواهد شد.
|آموزش محیط زیست؛ رفتار زیستمحیطی؛ ارتباط با طبیعت؛ لنگرود|
|عنوان مقاله [English]|
|Effects of Environmental Education Programs on Tourism (Case Study: Langaroud School Students)|
One of the main issues in the environmental isducation is either accelerating or improving the behavior of a program or how to increase commitment towards nature. Using environmental education programs outside of the classroom and a heavy emphasis on sensory perception and interactive learning environment in outdoor education can help the process of learning and behavior change is a necessary part of environmental education.This study is an attempt to influence the behavior of programs in environmental education and bond with nature, students can explore the city of Langeroud in Guilan. Based on a sample of 100 male and female students in the experimental and control groups were extracted from the data obtained through the t- test. The results of this study indicate that through outdoor learning environment, students will create the greatest impact on changing behavior among girls; thus emphasizing teaching the correct way to change the environment in relation to its commitment to environment and will.
Over the past several years, the pace and extent of human ecosystems more than any period in human history have changed. So that human intervention in the environment leads to changes in natural ecosystems, environmental degradation and conversion of natural attractions to residential and industrial land uses. So take advantage of people's natural attractions, rest and relaxation, to ecotourism activities in Persian literature has been called the Spins. The main motive of the modern phenomenon of tourism, observe and enjoy nature, natural phenomena and cultural and it can be used as a new source of income in sustainable development named. A phenomenon of the distant past human societies has different needs in terms of social and economic mobility has continued. The equitable distribution of benefits to local people and conservation of the natural world is emphasized.
Learning the way to build knowledge, understanding, skills, abilities and knowledge among different social groups and individuals with respect to any matter. In promoting sustainable development and improving the capacity of people to address environment and development issues vital, for achieving environmental and ethical awareness, values and attitudes, skills and behavior consistent with sustainable development and effective public participation in decision-making training is important. A puzzle made of pieces of the thematic curriculum in education is, overall, a piece of the puzzle is dedicated to environmental education. Which is used in textbooks as a multidisciplinary science? This has caused some to look at the issue of environmental protection is Tourism. One of the most characteristic teachings in schools, camps Tourism students (field trips) outdoors cited. It may be less than the fingers of one hand during a school year take place. Shores of the Caspian Sea, the vast unspoiled landscape and Countryside City Langeroud biodiversity in the city require that outdoor education can be a very powerful and useful for students in the long term. Outdoor education as a whole person and all content is truly touching and understanding. Person will act as a probe or researcher.
Materials and Methods
Almost an experimental study of the effectiveness of environmental education programs in the development of environmental behavior in relation to nature, the high school students were. Male and female students to the test and control groups were isolated. To determine the sample stratified random sampling based on gender 100 students from each gender (male and female), 50 subjects were selected. The original questionnaire used in this study. Which consists of 26 questions based on identifying values and explain concepts to build the skills and attitudes needed To understand the dependencies between people, culture and environment surrounding him, he Activities such as decision making and behavior associated with environmental quality in nature is Tourism. The design was based on a Likert. By a pilot study of the reliability of the questionnaire was evaluated by 50 students. According to Cronbach's coefficient formula, 0.83, respectively. For data analysis, descriptive and inferential statistical methods using SPSS to test t-test was used.
Discussion and Results
Results of this study was to investigate the effect of environment on behavior and environmental education programs in conjunction with the nature of the question, The learning environment has an impact on nature? And Environmental education programs on the environmental behavior of male and female students in both experimental and control groups in relation to the nature of the difference there is? Shows that:
Daughters and sons-related activities outside the classroom successfully in the field of environmental behavior and relationship with nature has evolved. And students in both groups (experimental and control) do not differ in terms of contact with nature.
An important component of environmental justice, sustainable development and prosperity of the world community today is the study of destruction and irreparable damage to environment makes human. Therefore, attention to the prevention of environmental education and environmental degradation can be very effective and helpful. Implementation of environmental education practice, which seemed to make a change in society today, is. Rational use of natural resources by visitors from a harmony between science and the teaching of science data in order to create stable borders. Enough so that human needs can be satisfied without causing disturbance to nature. Bond with nature to create a positive impact on. So the process of environmental education programs outside of the classroom and implemented in a natural setting, with learning activities that encourage students Vaughan to actively take care of nature.
|کلیدواژه ها [English]|
|Evironmental education, Environmental behavior, Relationship with nature, Langaroud|
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